It is a dark green, ridged and tapering pretty vegetable. It has white pulp with white seeds embedded in spongy flesh. A ridge gourd also commonly known as Turai. Its hard skin is peeled off and chopped and cooked as desired.
The bitter gourd (also known as bitter melon) looks like a cucumber but with gourd-like bumps all over it. As the name implies, this vegetable is a melon that is bitter.
Bitter gourd thrives in hot and humid climates, so are commonly found in Asian countries and South America.
Bitter gourds are very low in calories but dense with precious nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber.
Carrot is a root-crop known for its vitamin rich red/orange roots which are used in making foods and salads.
Red carrots contain a good dose of Vitamin A, which helps to prevent clogging of the arteries and thus helps to prevent strokes. Higher levels are found in Orange and Purple carrots. They also contain vitamin B, C and E as well as calcium pectate, which is a very good source of fibre, and they help to lower cholesterol levels. They are also very useful in the prevention of macular degeneration.